The Communist Manifesto: Its Development and Changes Based on the Revolutions in Europe

This is a 5 page paper discussing the Communist Manifesto from its formation and the influence of the French Revolution to its revision inspired by the European revolutions of 1848, the year it was published. The revised Manifesto emphasized action and interaction and was adopted by the European unions which still are strong symbols today of the equality working classes within the state. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

European Steps Toward Minimizing the Chances for War: Considerations for the U.S.

A 10 page overview of the steps being taken in Europe to minimize the chances for war on the continent. The author emphasizes the importance of the European Union but points out that while the formation of the EU is to be applauded, not only is the U.S the primary player in maintaining world security, that responsibility will undoubtedly extend well into the future. To insure our own national security we must be cautious of both the existing and the future power of all foreign entities. The EU is no exception. Bibliography lists 7 sources.


This paper examines the literature available about unionism and the United States. In addition, the paper offers brief topics about unions including history of American unions, trends that unions face today, and how management and unions are trying to get along. Bibliography lists 20+ sources.

Banana Trade Wars:

This 13 page paper dicusses the Banana Trade War and its impact on the Caribbean's banana trade security. This paper focuses on the events leading up to the decision by the European Union to open up trade to all suppliers. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

The Trade War Between the U.S. and the European Union

This 2 page report discusses the 'trade war' that has evolved between the United States and the European Union and its political implications, as well as the concerns of those in the midst of it. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Constitutional Private Property Rights

This 7 page paper considers the development of constitutional private property rights tracing these from the ideas Sparta and Ancient Greece to the Modern European Union and United States. The paper discusses the right to property in a number of the constitutions and/or other systems for protecting "rights". The bibliography cites 12 sources.

Greed: The Underlying Motivation for European/Native American Interaction

A 5 page consideration of the motivations that characterized the early interactions between Native Americans and the Europeans that invaded their shores. European peoples not only took advantage of Native Americans but committed one atrocity after another in their attempts to prosper from them. The Native Americans, though initially deceived by the Europeans, quickly learned the lesson that these people were there only out of concern for their own gain. No sources are listed.

The French Economy

This 8 page paper (plus 1 page appendix) considers the economic position of France. The recent past as well as the success of financial predictions are used as a tool to look to the future of the this, the second largest economy in Europe. Other factors considered include membership of the single European currency; the Euro, public spending, unemployment, interest rates, cultural expectations as well as the economic base of the country. The paper includes two graphs and cites 8 sources.

Differing Experiences Between Native Americans in the East and Those in the West Resulting From Contact with the Europeans

A 5 page discussion of the changes which occurred in Native American cultures in the Eastern Woodlands and the West after the arrival of the European invaders to their lands. Discusses the forced relocation of Eastern tribes to western reservations despite their incorporation of many aspects of European culture, the cultural transformations of the Plains tribes from an agrarian lifestyle to the mounted hunters of the Plains, and their eventual confinement to the reservations. Identifies the root cause of the cultural experiences in the East and the West as European greed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

The Cold War: Deleterious Impacts on European Security

A 7 page discussion of whether European Security has improved or deteriorated since the Cold War. The author points out that European security today is largely controlled by the United Nations, an entity controlled not by European powers but by the U.S. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

War And Labor Unions

24 pages in length. The role labor unions have played with regard to wartime activities has been historically conspicuous. As integral as these unions were when it came to the comprehensive influence of war, they did not always fare well in the aftermath. Indeed, it can be argued that the effects of war often had detrimental consequences for labor unions as a whole. Had it not been for the original formation of the Noble Order of the Knights of Labor back in the mid eighteen hundreds, the American work ethic would have remained chaotic and in dire need of reorganization. The Knights were solely responsible for assembling some kind of organized labor for the American worker, which included higher wages and better working conditions. These tenets had since been fortified as labor unions established more strength within the workforce; however, it can be argued that each time the unions would solidly establish themselves from a previous setback, war would enter into the picture and disrupt that position, particularly World War I, World War II and the Korean Conflict. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

Confrontation in European History

A 5 page paper discussing several of the most dramatic moments in European history in regards to military involvement and revolution. The books used in this examination are “The Challenge of The West,” by Lynn Hunt, “Nineteenth-Century Europe,” by Jan Goldstein and John Boyer eds., “Death's Men,” by Denis Winter, and “Maus II,” by Art Speigelman. Events discussed include the Paris Commune, the Bolshevik Revolution, WWI, WWII, and the Cold War. In relationship to the driving force of European politics, as discussed, the decisive forces between 1848 and 1989 appear to be both socialism and nationalism, depending upon the particular event and time period. No additional sources cited.

Arguments For and Against Allowing Secession

A 5 page paper addressing president-elect Abraham Lincoln, who has been elected to the office of president but not yet inaugurated. Ten Southern states have seceded from the Union, and this is a report to Mr. Lincoln outlining arguments for allowing the secession to stand unchallenged and arguments against doing the same. The final recommendation is that Mr. Lincoln determine to preserve the Union at all costs, even those of bloodshed and suffering. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

The Cold War: A Time of Instability

An 8 page discussion of the Cold War. Contends that this period was anything one of peace and security. Provides examples of the friction which existed between the United States and the Soviet Union, the events culminating in the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and the changing role of the U.S. in maintaining world peace, as well as other examples illustrating that indeed this was a vary unstable period. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

The "Discovery" of America: Roots of Racism in Native American Society

A 3 page paper tracing the rampant racism which continues to target Native American people and culture to the concept of a European "discovery" of this continent. Emphasizes that although this continent and its people were very much in existence at the time of the supposed European "discovery" the mindset which was behind that concept has persisted and the result has been continued racism against Native Americans. Bibliography lists one source.