The Opium Wars
A 6 page paper discussing the causes and results of the two Opium Wars (1839-1842 and 1856-1858) between China and Britain. In 300 years of trade with China, Britain had developed a thirst for China's tea as well as appetites for Chinese silk and porcelain, but pre-industrial China found very little to desire from Britain's offerings. To ease the resulting tremendous trade deficit, Britain began growing opium in its colony India and insisted that China allow it to enter their country for use by their people. China declined the affront to their national sovereignty, lost Hong Kong to Britain, and later lost all right to restrict the opium trade within their borders. Bibliography lists 6 sources.