The Changing Role and Status of Women in Germany

This 5 page paper examined how the role and status of women changed over time in modern German history between the Kaiserreich though the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany and the developments in West Germany and East Germany. The paper includes discussion on what factors lead to these changes. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

Differing Experiences Between Native Americans in the East and Those in the West Resulting From Contact with the Europeans

A 5 page discussion of the changes which occurred in Native American cultures in the Eastern Woodlands and the West after the arrival of the European invaders to their lands. Discusses the forced relocation of Eastern tribes to western reservations despite their incorporation of many aspects of European culture, the cultural transformations of the Plains tribes from an agrarian lifestyle to the mounted hunters of the Plains, and their eventual confinement to the reservations. Identifies the root cause of the cultural experiences in the East and the West as European greed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

European History

This 6 page paper provides answers to four questions posed by a student. The answers are chock full of information pertinent to the French Revolution and Robespierre’s rule as well as Napoleon’s problems when he took the reigns. The significance of the unification of Germany and Italy is explored and finally, a look at colonization and imperialism sheds light on differences between trends in the late nineteenth century as opposed to earlier times. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

CAVOUR, MANZINI AND GARIBALDI -- AND ITALIAN UNIFICATION

This 4-page paper discusses the unification of Italy during the 19th century, and the role of the revolutionaries Mazzini and Garibaldi and the Count Cavour in unification. Language is tutorial. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

The Reasons Why Certain Conflicts Could Not Be Contained

This 5 page paper looks at why the Bosnian Crisis of 1908-1909 and the Balkan Wars of 1912 and 1913 did not develop into a general European conflict. The reasons for World War I are noted and the conflicts listed are discussed in depth. The idea of an East versus West mentality is explored Bibliography lists 6 sources.

The Role of Religious, Nationalistic, and Social Grievances in the 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution and the 1980 Hezbolah Movement in Lebanon

A 7 page discussion of the numerous causes behind the 1978-1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran and indeed behind the Hizb Allah (Hezbollah) movement in Lebanon which occurred the following year. These causes were religion, nationalistic and social. While the effects of each were focused on the Middle East, the West was also heavily impacted by these developments. Examines the role of Islam in the events which unfolded and the potential for future revolution. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Revolution in East Germany: The Push/Pull Phenomena

A 4 page overview of the factors which were at play in East Germany’s 1989 revolution. The author contends that, as with most revolutions, some of these factors were external while others were internal. The interplay which was created could be regarded, in fact, as a push/pull phenomena, a phenomena in which internal forces pushing for change joined external forces pulling for change. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

A History of the Modern Middle East/Book Review

A 6 page book review of A History of the Modern Middle East by William Cleveland (1994). This is a complex and scholarly work, designed to present Middle Eastern history to both students and general readers who have not previously studied this subject. The Middle East plays a prominent role in the daily news. In many cases, commentators and policymakers appear mystified by Middle Eastern attitudes and, particularly, by their stance towards the West and the US. Cleveland's history not only explains past events, but also places them within cultural and geographic context that aids the reader in seeing how the region evolved to its present state. No additional sources cited.

Late 19th-Century Germany

An 8 page paper discussing the motivations underlying the unification of Germany and the emergence of the political mass market. Prime Minister Bismarck order full male suffrage for the first time in Saxony in 1866. Some historians maintain that the political mass market originated with that Saxony election; others hold that it did not fully emerge until Bismarck was forced to retire in 1890. The paper discusses the chronology of the period between 1866 and the end of World War I, when the German people demanded an end to the war and the Second Reich ended with Wilhelm II's flight to the Netherlands. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Michael Crowder's West Africa: An Introduction to it's History

Michael Crowder's Introduction to West African history is an eye opening experience. With the background provided by Crowder of the colonial period, the escalation of Nationalism is understood within both the historical context and the social dynamics. This 5 page paper addresses the nature of British and French colonial rule and the political and cultural impact it had on West Africans. No additional sources are listed.

Industrialization, Nationalism, Globalization and Technology, and The Differences in East and West

A 9 page series of responses to questions relating to the evolution of society and civilization. Discusses the industrialization of Europe and the U.S. in the Industrial Revolution and ties this discussion into the impacts of globalization which we are feeling today. Notes the importance of technology in this transition. Links nationalism and differences in race and culture to current events such as the recent detainment of U.S. military personnel in Hainau, China. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Gymnastics in 19th Century Germany

A 7 page paper that describes the significant developments in competitive gymnastics in Germany during the 1800s. Of special consideration are the development of schooled gymnastics processes and the participation of Germany in the first Olympiad in 1896. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Germany During World War II

A 4 page paper. The "war" had existed within Germany since Hitler took power in 1933. The writer some of the internal environment between then and the official beginning of WWII. The paper reports the opposition within the country and within the government during the war. The paper ends with comments from the child of parents who were children themselves in Germany during the war. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

The Arab-Israeli Conflict Compared to Modern Wars in the Gulf

This 8 page report discusses key themes in the conflicts that have taken place and continue to occur in the Middle East. The processes of territorial change in the Arab-Israeli conflict must be examined as both a unique case and as a recurrent pattern. There are also fundamental issues that cross the cultural and non-secular issues inherent in Middle East conflicts. Such issues include the lasting effects of colonialism, nationalist sentiments, economic policies, and the development and production of oil resources. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

German Unification, Bismarck, the Treaties of Frankfurt and Versailles

A 3 page consideration of the outcome of the German wars of unification. This paper addresses the question of why the French were so vengeful in the Treaty of Versailles. Bibliography lists 2 sources.