Democracy

In 12 pages the author discusses democracy and the theory that democratic governments are inherently disposed against war. "The greatest impetus for world peace is the spread of democracy democracies are more peaceful than any other kind of government, and the world is growing more democratic democracies are not only slow to anger but also quick to compromise and to forgive." (Joshua Muravchik, Managing Global Chaos, page 573) Bibliography lists 9 sources.

Democracy in an Industrial Society?

Democracy has existed as a form of governing organization in most societies, in one form or another, from the time that government has been necessary. The recent past has been defined by the evolution of industrialism. Democratic governance and capitalism have played a significant role in the development of the West. Eastern and Third World nations have traversed different paths; however, as the millennium nears, they too are joining the newest revolution and experiencing extreme changes. This 7 page paper argues that Democracy was a pertinent and appropriate choice for the pre-Industrial Revolution agrarian society. In order to be transferable to an urban society, however, it must evolve, just as society evolves. Democracy during the transition to industrial was pertinent but has lost viability and, will not be successful or useful in the new industrialization process of technology and globalization. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

The Ideas of Thomas Jefferson

This 15 page paper provides an overview of the life of this great defender of democracy and president of the United States. Ideas about democracy and separation of church and state are highlighted. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

The Development of Democracy in Brazil

The development in democracy in Brazil has demonstrated a different pattern that seen in other parts of the world. This 5 page paper examines the development of democracy and includes consideration of the history as a Portuguese colony and the role of slavery as well as the military coups and the fears of instability. The paper traces the reasons behind the development and the impact they have on today’s model of democracy seen with the Brazilian people. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

Russia and Westernization

A 5 page research paper that discusses the radical changes that Peter the Great instigated in Russia in the eighteenth century. The writer describes how Peter's goal was to reshape Russia in the cultural image of Europe. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Russian History

This 22- page paper is comprised of four shorter papers dealing with Russia. The first is a 17-page paper that traces the history of Russia from ancient rulers, through the Romanov dynasty, the Decembrist revolution, the revolution of 1905 and the Revolution of 1917. It discusses the Communist period, and the post-Communist period, and touches on economic problems today as well as ethnic conflicts. Bibliography lists 6 sources. The second paper, which is incorporated into the whole, is a 3-page essay describing some of Russia's cultural icons. Bibliography lists 1 source. The third paper, which is incorporated into the whole, is a 3-page essay describing Russian and Soviet geography. Bibliography lists 2 sources. The fourth paper, which is incorporated into the whole, is a 2-page essay describing Russian demographics. Bibliography lists 1 source.

The Athenian Government

4 page review of A.H.M. Jones' book entitled "Athenian Democracy." Book explores classic governments in Athens and makes mention of their historical relevancy to our own style of democracy in these contemporary United States.

Herbert Aptheker/ Views on Marxism

A 5 page discussion of the opinions voiced by Herbert Aptheker in his 1967 book 'The Nature of Democracy, Freedom and Revolution.' The writer argues that by contrasting Marxist philosophy against 'bourgeois' democracy and revolution, Aptheker offers a perspective on history and political philosophy that is truly intriguing, if somewhat dated in his conclusions. No other sources cited.

CHABERT, HISTORY AND MORAL ATTRIBUTES

This 3-page paper discusses Balzac's Colonel Chabert, notes the story based on its times (post-Napoleonic France) and discusses whether virtue or evil survived the day. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

From Colonialism to Revolution: American Reasons for Seeking Independence from England

A 4 page overview of the reasons Americans elected to revolt against English control. The author contends that English support was just not there even in the earliest stages of colonialism. Once the Americans became self assured that they could survive they began to look at their ties with England more as a burden than as an asset. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Native American Survival as it Relates to Alexis de Tocqueville’s Dire Predictions

A 6 page discussion of Native American survival into contemporary times even in the face of great odds. Notes the perceptions of Alexis de Tocqueville on his trip to the U.S. in 1831 and asserts that even given the dire predictions Tocqueville made, the Native American has managed to not only survive but in many cases to prosper. Relates the economic success of the Mississippi Choctaw as testament to this assertion. Bibliography lists 6 sources. PPnaTocq.rtf

The Histiographical Debate Concerning Native American Survivability as Related to Land Ethic Verses That of Europeans During Colonial Times in the Americas

A 15 page address of the question which has occupied historians for centuries, why were Native Americans not only able to survive but to thrive in a land where European colonists would at first flounder and many times perish? The author of this paper explores various sides of the debate to conclude that the speculations as to why this was the case vary dramatically and, although there is no singular answer, the distinction in the way that Native Americans and Europeans related with the land appears to be important. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

France, Austria and Russia

A five page paper which looks at some elements of the history of Austria, France and Russia between 1815 and 1919, with particular reference to state terrorism as a means of controlling dissent.

The Warsaw Pact: A Vehicle for Russian Imperialism?

A 5 page discussion of the role of the 1955 Warsaw Pact in Russia's past and present imperialistic tendencies. Cautions that while the Warsaw Pact was dissolved with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russian imperialism continues to present many concerns to world order. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Strategies of the Axis Powers in World War II

An eight page paper which considers the ways in which the Axis powers might have employed alternative strategies and tactics during the Second World War in order to produce an outcome more favourable to them. The writer looks specifically at Russia’s engagement with Germany on the Eastern Front, the Battle of Midway, the Normandy Landings and the role of Mussolini in Italy’s military involvement. Bibliography lists 7 sources.