The Muslims’ View of the Crusaders

A 4 page paper discussing the Muslim view at the beginning of the First Crusade. The Crusaders’ mission was to regain Jerusalem, the holiest ground of the Christian faith, from the grasp of the Muslims. Though the Muslims had waged a half-hearted holy war against the Byzantine empire, Christian presence in Syria was viewed as just another cause for skirmish between fractious groups until those same Christians began taking Muslim towns and slaughtering Muslim people. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

HISTORY OF ISLAM IN SPAIN

This essay examines the period of time in Spain during which the land was under Islam rule. The paper examines the impact that the Muslims had on Spanish architecture, art and music. Bibliograpy lists 4 sources.

The Spanish-American War / The Effect On Spain

In this 10 page paper the author shows that much resentment and hostility resulted from the Spanish-American War of 1898 between Spain and the United States. Spain, who had been a political leader with regard to colonial rule, all but lost their powerful control as a result of the brief but devastating battle. The writer gives an account of what sparked the war and how Spain ultimately fared in the end. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

Civil Rights in the Aftermath of September 11th

This 5 page paper compares civil rights after September 11th with rights that were allowed during WWII. Present day treatment of Middle Easterners and Muslims in America is compared with how Japanese were treated during the 1940s. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

Muslim Women's Rights

A 12 page paper discussing aspects of Muslim women's rights. The rights of Muslim women vary widely across geographical space and within the laws of countries where Muslims constitute the majority of the population. Muslim women have few rights in some countries, but the paradox is that they also have few rights of personal choice even in Turkey, which operates under secular law. The paper discusses civil rights, divorce, dress and the consequences of disobedience. Includes an abstract and outline. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

The Ongoing Civil War in the Sudan

This 4 page report discusses the civil war between the Muslim-led government against non-Muslim black rebels since Sudan gained independence in 1956. The government controls little territory in the southern part of the state and regional boundaries are drawn according to ethnic and historical battle lines. The southerners of the Sudan are dark-skinned Africans who practice Christianity and traditional animist religions while the northerners are richer and more numerous, practice Islam, speak Arabic, and control the central government in Khartoum. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

The Seven Years’ War (The French and Indian War)

This is a 5 page paper discussing the Seven Years’ War. The Seven Years’ War from 1756 to 1763, also known as the French and Indian Wars in North America, was considered the first world war as it found the British pitted against the French and Indian forces in North America in an attempt to gain back valuable trading territory lost to the French; allied with the Prussians in their defence of their holdings in Europe; in an eventual naval war with France and Spain in the Atlantic, Mediterranean and West Indies; gaining lands through the West Indies; and, in India, in battle with the French. Despite their many different battles throughout the Seven Years’ War Britain proved its land and naval strength by capturing French lands in North America, India and the West Indies; winning decisive naval battles with France and Spain; winning lands from Spain in Manila and Havana; and in alliance with Prussia while preserving its holdings. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Selected Writings on Italian Medieval History & Literature

A 15 page research paper that offers brief (generally 1 page) synopses of essays that deal with Italian medieval society. Then the writer offers a more extended analysis of parts of Patricia Skinner's 2001 text Women in Medieval Italian Society; a brief essay on Dante's Inferno and Otto of Freising's Deeds of Frederick Barbarossa. The underlying theme to the entire paper is how these sources contribute to the study of history. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

Medieval Feudalism

A 6 page research paper exploring the elements of medieval feudalism in England. Descriptions of what constituted medieval feudalism, reason for wars, status of women and the decline of the feudal system are discussed. Bibliography lists 5 references.

Underpinnings of the Mexican Revolution

A 10 page paper discussing the issues of class and race that led to Mexico's independence from Spain. It appears that the only lasting change resulting from the revolution was that Mexico did gain its independence from Spain. Class and race divisions existed before, and they existed afterward as well. Though the criollos were able gain control of the government of the nation, they soon forgot their own frustration at being excluded from administration of the nation and failed to include any native groups in any meaningful way, setting the stage for the subsequent revolution that would occur nearly a century later. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Islamic Militarism Since 600 A.D.

A 5 page research paper that discusses the history of Islamic militarism. One hears a great deal, in this age of Islamic terrorism, about how the Muslim instigators of indiscriminant violence are not true "Muslims." However, an overview of Islamic militarism shows that, as with Christianity, violence and aggression are integral to Islamic history and that this history very much pertains to the current situation. The writer first discusses Islamic militarism, beginning in 600 A.D. and continuing to the Crusades and then relates this militaristic tradition to Islamic belief and current terrorism. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

NATIVE AMERICAN TREATMENT BY THE THREE MAJOR IMPERIAL POWERS

This 10 page paper discusses the treatment of the Native Americans in North America by the imperial powers: Spain, France, England and American Colonists. Views of Francis Parkman examined. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Imperialism in the Middle East

This 10 page paper how and why imperialism took place in the Middle East. The paper covers history form the emergence of written records up to The Treaty of Versailles. This includes the Hellenic conquest of Alexander the Great, the Roman conquest, the Crusades, the Suez Canal and the roles of Spain, France, and Britain. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

United States and War with Spain

A 3 page paper which examines why the United States became involved in a war with Spain in the 1880s. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Impacts to Native Americans In The 16th & 17th Centuries

A 4 page overview of the different approaches to colonization of Spain and Portugal verses England, France, and Holland in the 16th and 17th Centuries. Describes differences in their interactions with Native Americans. Bibliography lists 5 sources.