The Austro-Prussian War

Known as the Seven Week War because of the limited time that troops were in the field and the extremely quick and efficient political and military maneuverings by Bismarck, the circumstances leading up to the Austro-Prussian War were a culmination of political gambits, military leadership and economic policies. This is a 6 page paper that examines the interests of the three primary participants in that war: Prussia, Italy and Austria as interpreted by Geoffrey Wawro in the book, “The Austro-Prussian War: Austria's war with Prussia and Italy.” No additional sources cited.


This 4-page paper discusses the unification of Italy during the 19th century, and the role of the revolutionaries Mazzini and Garibaldi and the Count Cavour in unification. Language is tutorial. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

The Renaissance

This 8 page paper explores the time period and discusses art, philosophy and history. While Italy is emphasized, other European countries are explored. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Strategies of the Axis Powers in World War II

An eight page paper which considers the ways in which the Axis powers might have employed alternative strategies and tactics during the Second World War in order to produce an outcome more favourable to them. The writer looks specifically at Russia’s engagement with Germany on the Eastern Front, the Battle of Midway, the Normandy Landings and the role of Mussolini in Italy’s military involvement. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Italo-Turkish War (1911-12)

A 6 page research paper that argues that the main cause of the Italo-Turkish War (1911-12) was Italian imperialism as it relates to Italy's sense of identity. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

European History

This 6 page paper provides answers to four questions posed by a student. The answers are chock full of information pertinent to the French Revolution and Robespierre’s rule as well as Napoleon’s problems when he took the reigns. The significance of the unification of Germany and Italy is explored and finally, a look at colonization and imperialism sheds light on differences between trends in the late nineteenth century as opposed to earlier times. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

An Overview of the Venetian Navy During the Renaissance

This 10 page paper provides information about the Venetian Navy as well as information on Italy at the time of the Renaissance. Some battles are discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Winston Churchill/The Hinge of Fate

An 11 page research paper that analyzes Winston Churchill's the Hinge of Fate. Churchill, who guided Great Britain through the trauma of World War II, recorded his experience in an extensive series of personal memoirs. One of the books in this series, The Hinge of Fate, records Churchill's perspective on the war from the time that the US entered the conflict after the bombing of Pearl Harbor to just prior to the taking of Italy. The title for this volume derives its name from the fact that Churchill considered the intervention of the US to be the turning point in the war. Bibliography lists 6 sources.