The History Of The Idea Of Race

14 pages in length. Drawing upon the work of David Goldberg's "Racist Culture: Philosophy and the Politics of Meaning," one can readily argue that idea of race has always combined references to what is seen as natural (fixed) and social construct, suggesting that very divergent discourses have been implemented over time as a means by which to account for human diversity within the colonial context of European and non-European differences. Furthermore, the notion of race is not inherent to biology, but rather it is a social and cultural classification that has been erroneously attributed to biological implication. The writer discusses the concept of race from the Puritan colonization to present-day criminal justice system. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

Soviet Union in the 1980s

A 5 page research paper that examines the end of the Cold War, focusing on the arms race and the Soviet Union. After World War II, the world faced another crisis, in the form of expansion by the Soviet Union of its sphere of influence. While historians and scholars differ concerning the causes of the arms race known as the Cold War, many agree with John Lewis Gaddis (1997) that the US had no alternative but to suppress Soviet expansion at all costs. This examination looks at Russia in the 1980s, while focusing on the arms race and the culmination of the Cold War. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Radical Ideas in Early America

This 8 page paper provides an overview of the ideas to come from the American Revolution as well as ideas which preceded it, such as those which sprang from the Enlightenment. Also discussed is the period shortly after the revolution and more briefly, contemporary American society. The radical nature of the early American ideas is explored. Theorists such as Thomas Paine and John Locke are emphasized. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

Underpinnings of the Mexican Revolution

A 10 page paper discussing the issues of class and race that led to Mexico's independence from Spain. It appears that the only lasting change resulting from the revolution was that Mexico did gain its independence from Spain. Class and race divisions existed before, and they existed afterward as well. Though the criollos were able gain control of the government of the nation, they soon forgot their own frustration at being excluded from administration of the nation and failed to include any native groups in any meaningful way, setting the stage for the subsequent revolution that would occur nearly a century later. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Abraham Lincoln / The Man & His Presidency

In 5 pages, the writer discusses Abraham Lincoln. "Abraham Lincoln was able to shape the history of the African American. He is the very emblem against racial injustice and inequality. Most historical documents present him as the champion of the African Americans. His views in equality were able to transcend the race barrier. Lincoln set a precedence by emancipating the slaves." Bibliography lists 8 sources.

Southern History, Southern Family

A 3 page essay on southern family life. The writer discusses the relevance of family history in the way many southerners perceive themselves today. Race relations, culture, and other historical factors all contribute to the importance of family in this region of the Untied States. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

The Emancipation Proclamation & Plessy v. Ferguson

A 5 page paper discussing the potential problems generated by the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation. The writer argues that Lincoln released the paper as an interventional measure to try and ensure that slavery was stopped without changing the inalienable rights of all U.S. citizens provided by the Constitution. His attempt was ambiguous and unsuccessful, however. On the other hand, it may be the Declaration of Independence that promoted the idea of separate rights for separate races and genders that still afflicts equality in America. The debate continues.... Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Heinlein's "Stranger In A Strange Land" - War: A Uniquely Human Reality

8 pages in length. Heinlein's thematic implications abound throughout the pages of Stranger in a Strange Land, with the author tackling such prickly ideas as sexual freedom, institutional domination and organized religion. However, one of his least recognized themes provides a significantly deeper understanding of the human race as it relates to people being able to associate with one another; as such, the aspect of war being wholly foreign to Smith once he arrives on Earth illustrates the extent to which man's intrinsic nature is to constantly be at odds with himself. Bibliography lists 9 sources.


This 5 page paper discusses the issue of inclusion and exclusion. Also explored is the idea of the imposter, and an argumentative paper is written which supports the idea of Bunny being the outsider, rather than Richard. Thesis supported by statements in the text. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Jefferson's Declaration of Independence

A 3 page paper examining this seminal document in American history in terms of its historical ties to some of the predominant political ideas of the Enlightenment, particularly those of Locke. The paper shows how the Declaration of Independence took ideas that had been current in theory only and put them into practice. Bibliography lists two sources.

Ideas Within the Declaration of Independence

A 3 page paper which examines the ideas of the men of the revolution which is part of the ideas presented in the Declaration of Independence. No sources cited.

The Rise of Labor in the Latter 1800s

This 5 page paper broaches several ideas. The Knights of Labor and the AFL are focal points. Ideas to emanate from these organizations are discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Tocqueville/His Views of Blacks

A 6 page essay that offer analysis and discussion of Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America. In the chapter entitled, "The Present and Probable Future Condition of the Three Races that Inhabit the Territory of the United States," Tocqueville describes the relations between the three, "naturally distinct" races that inhabited the US at this time (Tocqueville). These were European-descended Americans, Native Americans and African Americans, the majority of whom were held in slavery. At this time in the early nineteenth century, Tocqueville accurately perceived the racial problems that would haunt the country. Tocqueville saw no satisfactory solution to the questions of slavery, abolition and racial coexistence. Examination of Tocqueville's predictions regarding slavery shows them to be quite accurate in many ways. No additional sources cited.

Karl Marx vs. Edmund Burke on Human Nature

The subject is viewed through the eyes of Edmund Burke and Karl Marx in this 6 page paper. The ideas of these men are compared and contrasted. Subjects included in the discussion are religion, morality, man's work ethic, political ideology, communism, Hegelism and acceptance versus revolution. Examples in contemporary society are given to illustrate each theorist's view. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

The American Drug War

8 pages based upon findings in five journal articles which maintain that the social programs and ideas such as "The War on Drugs" are overreaching political ploys to distract our attention from the real issues at-hand. It is argued based upon statistical data and scholarly example that the "drug problem" in the U.S. is not nearly as terrible as we are led to believe it is. Writer is considerably thorough in argument. Bibliography lists the 5 sources analyzed within the body of the paper.