How The Crusades Influenced A Cultural Change In Art and Literature

15 pages in length. The Crusades were highly influential with regard to the cultural changes in art and literature. Their contributions are noted in any number of ways, which are easily detected merely by interpreting the number of literary works and artistic designs that were prevalent during that period. There existed a certain political correctness that was associated with the manner in which the crusades influenced -- and even represented -- the art and literature that followed their lead. The writer discusses how the Crusades afforded a considerably elevated level of civilized culture as it pertained to artistic and literary styles. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

Some Causes and Effects of the Crusades

A 3 page paper discussing some of the causes and effects of the Crusades. History is filled with record of military conquests and in many cases the administration of tortures in the name of God. The Crusades was a collection of military invasions of Christian holy lands in response to Muslim assumption of control of those lands. Though the first Crusade was nearly 1,000 years ago, the effects of the Crusades are still recognizable today, particularly in religious intolerance. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

The Crusades

An 8 page discussion of the Crusades. Details exactly what the Crusades were and identifies their goal as gaining control of the Holy Land for Christians. Concludes that, while the Crusades were unsuccessful in accomplishing this goal, they had tremendous economic impacts upon Western civilization. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

12th Century Renaissance & Intellect

A 5 page paper discussing the cause of the intellectual changes that occurred during the renaissance period in Europe. Many people have stated that the cause of these changes was due to the education and knowledge available through the monasteries of that time, but the monasteries were limited to the texts they contained. Their exposure to the world outside of Europe was very limited. The idea that the Crusades changed the intellectual face of the Europeans is the argument given. Bibliography lists 1 source.

The Crusades

A 4 page paper which examines the Crusades. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

The Crusades

A 4 page paper which examines the Crusades and discusses how it is the most important historical event influencing western civilization up till the 1500s. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Cultural Memory, Monuments and Memorials

A 7 page discussion of the phenomena of cultural memory and how this memory is reflected by, and indeed spawned, monuments and memorials. Defines cultural memory and emphasizes that such memory is an evolutionary process. Provides a background of the history of the Washington monument and relates how the cultural memory of this and other monuments and memorials has changed over time. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

The Material Culture of Slaves in Early America

A 4 page discussion of how material culture can reflect a blending of cultural influences. Using the example of pottery from early slave quarters found in the archaeological record, this paper suggests a blending of white, slave, and Native American influences. Bibliography lists 1 source.

Differing Experiences Between Native Americans in the East and Those in the West Resulting From Contact with the Europeans

A 5 page discussion of the changes which occurred in Native American cultures in the Eastern Woodlands and the West after the arrival of the European invaders to their lands. Discusses the forced relocation of Eastern tribes to western reservations despite their incorporation of many aspects of European culture, the cultural transformations of the Plains tribes from an agrarian lifestyle to the mounted hunters of the Plains, and their eventual confinement to the reservations. Identifies the root cause of the cultural experiences in the East and the West as European greed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.


This 6 page paper deals with the changing perception of the Native American in American literature. The Novels of Treuer, Erdrich, and Alexie are used to explore such issues as loss, love, stereotypes, and other universal themes. Supported arguements are made which show that Native American literature is not always about a loss of land, heritage and language.Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Cultural Revolution--the Sixties

An 8 page research paper/essay that examines the idea of the 1960s as a cultural revolution. The 1960s are often referred as a time of cultural revolution in the United States and in other Western countries, but how useful is this term in describing this turbulent period? The connotation associated with the phrase "cultural revolution" suggests that this does not refer either political or economic considerations, as the basic structure of the nation, its economy or government were not radically altered. Rather, in this context, the phrase "cultural revolution" refers to the changes that occurred during this time in everyday life, as different groups agitated for civil and political rights (within the system) and societal mores evolved and transformed to encompass new ideas. From this understanding of what "cultural revolution" means, a look at the history of this era shows that, indeed, the term is apt and provides a concise way of referring to the societal transformations that occurred at this time. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

Impact of the Great War on Western Literature

A 4 page essay that discusses the impact of the “Great War,” that is, World War I on Western literature. World War I is known for its “mindless squandering of human life with negligible results” (Hull 17). During its era, it was known as the Great War, the war to end all wars, as well as the war that would make the world “safe” for democracy. The Great War accomplished none of these purposes and, when it was over, the survivors were gripped by grief, guilt, rage and, in the case of one German lance corporal, a young man named Adolf Hitler, by the desire for revenge (Hull 17). The Great War had another significant effect in that it had a tremendous impact on the course of modern Western literature. The collective consciousness of both Europe and America was forever changed by World War I and this change was reflected in the literature produced both during the Great War and in the decades afterward. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Native American Dress (With An Emphasis on Festive and Ceremonial Dress)

A 9 page overview of Native American clothing styles. Emphasizes festive and ceremonial dress. stresses that the term Native American is very widespread in terms of the cultural and thus artistic diversity it encompasses and that art and dress styles vary not only with culture but with the particular time period which is being discussed. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

Ancient Korean Pottery

This 5 page paper discusses ancient Korean pottery and the influence China had on this art. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

“The Effects of Industrialisation on Art”

A five page paper which looks at the effect which the Industrial Revolution of the nineteenth century had upon art, and the ways in which reactions against it such as the Art and Craft movement led to the development of Art Nouveau and the later combination of functional design with aesthetics which was exemplified in the works of such artists as Charles Rennie Mackintosh. Bibliography lists 3 sources.