Islamic Militarism Since 600 A.D.

A 5 page research paper that discusses the history of Islamic militarism. One hears a great deal, in this age of Islamic terrorism, about how the Muslim instigators of indiscriminant violence are not true "Muslims." However, an overview of Islamic militarism shows that, as with Christianity, violence and aggression are integral to Islamic history and that this history very much pertains to the current situation. The writer first discusses Islamic militarism, beginning in 600 A.D. and continuing to the Crusades and then relates this militaristic tradition to Islamic belief and current terrorism. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

The Seven Years’ War (The French and Indian War)

This is a 5 page paper discussing the Seven Years’ War. The Seven Years’ War from 1756 to 1763, also known as the French and Indian Wars in North America, was considered the first world war as it found the British pitted against the French and Indian forces in North America in an attempt to gain back valuable trading territory lost to the French; allied with the Prussians in their defence of their holdings in Europe; in an eventual naval war with France and Spain in the Atlantic, Mediterranean and West Indies; gaining lands through the West Indies; and, in India, in battle with the French. Despite their many different battles throughout the Seven Years’ War Britain proved its land and naval strength by capturing French lands in North America, India and the West Indies; winning decisive naval battles with France and Spain; winning lands from Spain in Manila and Havana; and in alliance with Prussia while preserving its holdings. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

The Spanish-American War / The Effect On Spain

In this 10 page paper the author shows that much resentment and hostility resulted from the Spanish-American War of 1898 between Spain and the United States. Spain, who had been a political leader with regard to colonial rule, all but lost their powerful control as a result of the brief but devastating battle. The writer gives an account of what sparked the war and how Spain ultimately fared in the end. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

Washington Irving

5 pages in length. As one of America's most celebrated authors who is often called the father of the American short story, Washington Irving's illustrious career spanned a multitude of literary classifications including poetry, essays, travel writing, biography, columns and short stories. His two most famous works – The Legend of Sleepy Hollow and Rip Van Winkle firmly etched in literary history – Irving endeavored to capture a complementary combination of fiction, fantasy and reality. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Spanish History: 1898 to 1948

Spain was forced to grant independence to most of its colonies during the 1800s. The remaining colonies (Cuba and the Philippines) were lost to the United States in 1898 at the end of the Spanish-American War. This 5 page paper explores fifty years of Spanish history, from the end of the Spanish American War to the end of World War II. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Imperialism in the Middle East

This 10 page paper how and why imperialism took place in the Middle East. The paper covers history form the emergence of written records up to The Treaty of Versailles. This includes the Hellenic conquest of Alexander the Great, the Roman conquest, the Crusades, the Suez Canal and the roles of Spain, France, and Britain. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

The French Revolution and State Relations

This 14 page paper discusses the varying relationships that emerged between France, the United States, Great Britain and Spain before, during, and after this turbulent time in history. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

Justification for Holy War, An Islamic View

A 7 page research paper that describes Islamic theology on this topic, citing the Koran, but also explores how fatwas play a role in Islamic belief and the subsequent justification of terrorism. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

The Revolution in Iran

A 6 page paper which discusses why Iran is leading a worldwide Islamic revolution, why it is taking root, to some extent, in Egypt, and why the West should be wary of the spread of Islamic fundamentalism, if it should, in fact, be wary. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Relations between the U.S. and the Islamic Republic of Iran

This 8 page paper describes the history of U.S.-Iran international relations and why Iran has come to distrust the United States. It considers the 1953 U.S. backed coup that overthrew the legally elected Mossadegh government; the Islamic Revolution; and the U.S. backing of Saddam Hussein. It also considers reasons why Iran is developing nuclear power. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

History of Early Photography

(5 pp). In the early nineteenth century, the new "invention" photography seemed as though it could "capture" the whole world, some labeled it, the "mirror with a memory."This discussion will examine some of those early photographers and their experiments. Bibliography lists 2 sources.


This essay examines the period of time in Spain during which the land was under Islam rule. The paper examines the impact that the Muslims had on Spanish architecture, art and music. Bibliograpy lists 4 sources.

Malaga / War and Pre-War History Of A City In Spain

A 10 page paper discussing the effects of the Spanish Civil War on this idyllic Iberian city on the Mediterranean coast. Malaga is an ancient city dating from the time of the Phoenicians; before that, it had been inhabited by even the earliest manifestations of modern man, the Neandertals. There was little change in the vicinity of Malaga after a brief period in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in which it embraced economic development and industrialization. Following that, it reverted to the agrarian nature of its history, the peace of which was only interrupted by visiting warring factions. In that respect, the Spanish Civil War offered little distinction from any other period of war that had visited the city. Bibliography lists 48 sources.

Underpinnings of the Mexican Revolution

A 10 page paper discussing the issues of class and race that led to Mexico's independence from Spain. It appears that the only lasting change resulting from the revolution was that Mexico did gain its independence from Spain. Class and race divisions existed before, and they existed afterward as well. Though the criollos were able gain control of the government of the nation, they soon forgot their own frustration at being excluded from administration of the nation and failed to include any native groups in any meaningful way, setting the stage for the subsequent revolution that would occur nearly a century later. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Impacts to Native Americans In The 16th & 17th Centuries

A 4 page overview of the different approaches to colonization of Spain and Portugal verses England, France, and Holland in the 16th and 17th Centuries. Describes differences in their interactions with Native Americans. Bibliography lists 5 sources.