“Developments in social history in eighteenth and nineteenth century Britain”

A ten page paper which looks at the way in which Britain, and particularly England, changed and developed between 1700 and 1900, in terms of industrialisation, the growth of the middle class, the changes in conditions for the working population, and the improvements in social reform which came about during the latter half of the nineteenth century. Bibliography lists 4 sources

12th Century Renaissance & Intellect

A 5 page paper discussing the cause of the intellectual changes that occurred during the renaissance period in Europe. Many people have stated that the cause of these changes was due to the education and knowledge available through the monasteries of that time, but the monasteries were limited to the texts they contained. Their exposure to the world outside of Europe was very limited. The idea that the Crusades changed the intellectual face of the Europeans is the argument given. Bibliography lists 1 source.

The French Revolution and Napoleon

A 6 page paper which examines various issues relating to the French Revolution and Napoleon as seen in the texts “Civilization: Sources, Images And Interpretations” Vol.II, Since 1600 by Dennis Sherman and Seventh Edition, A History of Western Society, by McKay Hill Buckler. Bibliography lists 2 additional sources.

Three Mini-Wars in European History

Three Mini-Wars in European History: This 5-page essay examines three of the secondary wars in European history between (1700-1990). These conflicts were just as passionate, just as politically motivated, and just as deadly. However, when the fighting was over, these wars left more men standing. Bibliography lists 4 sources. SNWarpro.doc

Social Changes in Mid Nineteenth Century Europe

This 6 page paper looks at the way that the economic changes in mid nineteenth century Europe resulted in changes in the social structure. The paper includes discussion in the class structure, the long term impact of the industrial revolution and the poor laws. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

Nineteenth Century Europe -- The Industrial Revolution, Nationalism, “Concert of Europe” and Changes in Intellectualism

This 6 page report discusses several questions related to European development and international relationships in the 19th century. In the 19th century, the nations of Europe were confronted with a large number of “new” issues. In terms of politics and social issues but far more in terms of economics, everything was in the process of change. Political, economic, and technological events of great significance were shaping the thinking and development of the world. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

European Culture of War: To 1700:

The European social, political and economic cultural structure was not a peaceful process of evolution. This 7 page paper asserts that the many factors that influenced the development of what is now considered Europe includes, perhaps is founded upon, the many wars and disputes that plagued its history. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Writers From the 1700's and how their works reflected both worldy and spiritual interests:

This 5 page paper discusses writers such as Thomas Paine, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin and William Byrd. This paper examines their contributions in terms of writings and how those writings reflect both spiritual and worldy ideals. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

The History of Japanese - Western Relations from 1400 to 1700

This is a 5 page paper discussing Japanese foreign relations with the West between the years 1400 and 1700. The years from 1400 to 1700 in Japan covered three Japanese historical periods: the Muromachi Period (1333-1573); the Azuchi-Momoyama Period (1573-1603); and, the Edo Period (1603-1867) which also included the great eras of the Shogun. While these centuries are generally not known for their great developments in international trade for Japan, there were certain instances in which Chinese and Western trade and influences and relations were introduced into Japan. During the mid 16th century, the Japanese greatly valued Portuguese weaponry which played a large factor in the ongoing warlord conflicts. By the late 16th century, foreign relations and trade had also been established with Britain, Spain and the Dutch who were as interested in the Japanese artisan goods as were the Japanese interested in goods imported from the Americas such as tobacco and sweet potatoes among other goods. Through the relations established with the English, Western shipbuilding and navigation tools were also of great value. During the mid-17th century however, shogun Iemitsu wanted to strengthen Japan by eliminating foreign influence which included further restrictions on Christianity, which had been introduced by the missionaries in the 1500s, a ban on travel outside of Japan, expulsion of foreign trade merchants and a ban on European literature among other restrictions thereby decreasing foreign trade and relations with the West. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Gearing Up for War: Europe 1939

This 8 page paper discusses conditions in Europe on the eve of World War II. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Power Struggles in Eighteenth Century Europe

This 12 page paper assesses eighteenth century Europe and evaluates changes in power through different nation states. France is the focal point of this paper which takes the position that the French Revolution, and others, were started due to neglect by the sitting monarchs. Annotated bibliography lists 4 sources.

Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages / Book Review

5 page review and discussion of the book 'The Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages,' by Robert S. Lopez. Book describes changes (mostly economic) during the Middle Ages and surrounding periods in Europe. Excellent for those studying courses relevant to the History of Western Civilization. No additional sources.

Russia and Westernization

A 5 page research paper that discusses the radical changes that Peter the Great instigated in Russia in the eighteenth century. The writer describes how Peter's goal was to reshape Russia in the cultural image of Europe. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

The Development of Modern Europe

This 3 page paper examines the industrial revolution and changes in thought in Europe. Farming is discussed as well. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Thomas S. Kuhn/Structure of Scientific Revolutions

A 5 page research paper that investigates Thomas S. Kuhn's groundbreaking theory in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962, University of Chicago Press), which ) radically altered the way that change in science is perceived. The traditional understanding states that science progresses by small increments of change. Kuhn posits that science does not follow this pattern, but rather changes via scientific revolutions in which a new paradigm completely replaces an older one. Bibliography lists 3 sources.