Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages / Book Review

5 page review and discussion of the book 'The Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages,' by Robert S. Lopez. Book describes changes (mostly economic) during the Middle Ages and surrounding periods in Europe. Excellent for those studying courses relevant to the History of Western Civilization. No additional sources.

Prostitution / A Cross-Cultural History & Analysis

A 5 page paper on this history of 'the world's oldest profession'-- prostitution. The writer discusses the shape and form that prostitution has taken throughout history with respect to individual cultures and societies such as the Ancient Greeks, Romans, Church in the Middle Ages, and more recent eras as well. The role of law, societal opposition, and venereal disease is stressed with regard to prostitution in more recent times. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Georges Duby

This 16 page paper considers the background and work of this French historian who specialised in the middle ages. The paper considers his background and qualifications as well as his studies and then discusses the influence that his work had on the academic community as well as society in general. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

Teutonic Knights

A 6 page research paper that looks at the history of the Teutonic Knights, a military-religious order similar to the better known Templar or Hospitaller Orders of the middle ages. The Teutonic Knights were responsible for bringing Christianity to Eastern Europe through numerous crusades that lasted through to the fifteenth century. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

How the Urban Revolution Of The 11th Century Eroded The Feudal System

This 5 page paper examines the impact of urbanization on the established system of feudalism in the Middle Ages. The Magna Carta, the growth of cities, the centralization of governmental power all led toward the ultimate collapse of feudalism. Bibliography lists six sources.

The Renaissance, the Reformation and the Scientific Revolution

A 5 page research paper that examine how these three periods of history reworked the nature of Western civilization and brought it from the Middle Ages into the modern era, by bringing about a totally different perspective on reality and instituting changes that are still evident in today's society and thought processes. Bibliography contains 4 sources.

Crusades in the Late Middle Ages

A 12 page research paper that examines the motivations and the effects of the crusades that occurred in the late Middle Ages. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

History of Temperament Theory

This 10 page paper provides a historical report of theories about temperament. The history begins about 2,500 years ago when the four humors were proposed, a theory that was continued to be popular in the Middle Ages and even later. Philosophies and scientific advancements changed the theme somewhat but there continued to be four dimensions of temperament. Even Keirsey proposed four dimensions of temperament. It was in 1990 when five dimensions of temperament were proposed by McCrae and Costa, Jr. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Alcohol Prohibition -- 'The Noble Experiment'

A 5 page paper discussing prohibition in the United States. During its nearly 14 years, the 18th amendment caused more problems than good. Crime flourished, alcohol became a near-mythic commodity, and countless dollars were wasted through destruction and confiscation. Bibliography lists five sources.

Native Civilizations of Latin America

A short, 4 page look at the history of pre-Columbian Latin America. Meso American civilization (mostly Aztec and Maya) is explored in this essay with reference to specific tribes (Olmec, Toltec, etc;) and large cities (ex. Tenochtitlan) that flourished. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

“The Effects of Industrialisation on Art”

A five page paper which looks at the effect which the Industrial Revolution of the nineteenth century had upon art, and the ways in which reactions against it such as the Art and Craft movement led to the development of Art Nouveau and the later combination of functional design with aesthetics which was exemplified in the works of such artists as Charles Rennie Mackintosh. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

A History of the Modern Middle East/Book Review

A 6 page book review of A History of the Modern Middle East by William Cleveland (1994). This is a complex and scholarly work, designed to present Middle Eastern history to both students and general readers who have not previously studied this subject. The Middle East plays a prominent role in the daily news. In many cases, commentators and policymakers appear mystified by Middle Eastern attitudes and, particularly, by their stance towards the West and the US. Cleveland's history not only explains past events, but also places them within cultural and geographic context that aids the reader in seeing how the region evolved to its present state. No additional sources cited.

Middle Eastern History

An 8 page research paper that discusses various aspects of Middle Eastern history. Topics covered include the coinage of the term "Middle East," and the rise and fall of the Ottoman and Safavid Empires. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

The Arab-Israeli Conflict Compared to Modern Wars in the Gulf

This 8 page report discusses key themes in the conflicts that have taken place and continue to occur in the Middle East. The processes of territorial change in the Arab-Israeli conflict must be examined as both a unique case and as a recurrent pattern. There are also fundamental issues that cross the cultural and non-secular issues inherent in Middle East conflicts. Such issues include the lasting effects of colonialism, nationalist sentiments, economic policies, and the development and production of oil resources. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

The Lives Of Working And Middle Class Women In 19th Century Britain

7 pages in length. The distinction between the lives of working and middle class women in nineteenth century Britain is both grand and far-reaching. That the working population was considered the equivalent of undesirable social outcasts when compared with their middle class counterparts clearly illustrates the unmistakable divide that existed beyond the issue of gender separation. Bibliography lists 9 sources.