Does Women's History Challenge the Traditional Narratives of Male Historians?

This 4 page paper considers the issue of a feminist approach to history. Joan Kelly-Gadol's essay Did Women Have a Renaissance, published in Becoming Visible: Women in European History, directly relates to the question of the emerging approach of female historians. Female historians, after reflecting on the traditional narratives of male dominated societies, have recognized that women essentially had no voice in the past. Bibliography lists 1 source.

Jane Austen's 'Pride and Prejudice' / A Reflection of a Time

A 5 page overview of Jane Austin's book 'Pride and Prejudice.' Emphasizes Austin's portrayal of women, social class, and their importance in marriage. No additional sources cited.

Differing Experiences Between Native Americans in the East and Those in the West Resulting From Contact with the Europeans

A 5 page discussion of the changes which occurred in Native American cultures in the Eastern Woodlands and the West after the arrival of the European invaders to their lands. Discusses the forced relocation of Eastern tribes to western reservations despite their incorporation of many aspects of European culture, the cultural transformations of the Plains tribes from an agrarian lifestyle to the mounted hunters of the Plains, and their eventual confinement to the reservations. Identifies the root cause of the cultural experiences in the East and the West as European greed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

The Cold War: Deleterious Impacts on European Security

A 7 page discussion of whether European Security has improved or deteriorated since the Cold War. The author points out that European security today is largely controlled by the United Nations, an entity controlled not by European powers but by the U.S. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Greed: The Underlying Motivation for European/Native American Interaction

A 5 page consideration of the motivations that characterized the early interactions between Native Americans and the Europeans that invaded their shores. European peoples not only took advantage of Native Americans but committed one atrocity after another in their attempts to prosper from them. The Native Americans, though initially deceived by the Europeans, quickly learned the lesson that these people were there only out of concern for their own gain. No sources are listed.

Women and Retirement

An 8 page paper which discusses how women spend their retirement in the United States. Issues discussed involve women working for more years than men, living longer than men, and how women look at retirement, among other various issues relating to the leisure years of women in America. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Ballet and Its Choreographers

Ballet is one of those arts that have a life of their own when the right combination of people come together. The grace and beauty sets the stage for the physical components, backed by musical scores that either define or merely accompany the dance. George Balanchine is noted for saying, ``Ballet is Woman''. That women play a central role in the presentation of the ballet is an understatement. To say that women have the power in ballet is an understatement that borders on a lie. For the most part, women in ballet, outside the ballerina and the occasssional choreographer and, or, director, have not been in positions of power. This 8 page paper profiles four choreographers: George Balanchine, Frederick Ashton, William Forsythe and Kenneth MacMillan. The way women are depicted in their work and the personal attitudes concerning women of the four male choreographers is examined and compared with the attitude toward women in the arts in general. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

The "Discovery" of America: Roots of Racism in Native American Society

A 3 page paper tracing the rampant racism which continues to target Native American people and culture to the concept of a European "discovery" of this continent. Emphasizes that although this continent and its people were very much in existence at the time of the supposed European "discovery" the mindset which was behind that concept has persisted and the result has been continued racism against Native Americans. Bibliography lists one source.

The European Presence in Southeast Asia in the Late 19th Century

This 4 page paper provides an overview of factors that influenced the European Presence in Southeast Asia near the turn of the century. Further, this paper also considers elements that impacted the maintenance of European interests following the turn of the century, including increasing development in Japan and the focus on democracy as a plausible component of the governmental process. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Three Mini-Wars in European History

Three Mini-Wars in European History: This 5-page essay examines three of the secondary wars in European history between (1700-1990). These conflicts were just as passionate, just as politically motivated, and just as deadly. However, when the fighting was over, these wars left more men standing. Bibliography lists 4 sources. SNWarpro.doc

The Communist Manifesto: Its Development and Changes Based on the Revolutions in Europe

This is a 5 page paper discussing the Communist Manifesto from its formation and the influence of the French Revolution to its revision inspired by the European revolutions of 1848, the year it was published. The revised Manifesto emphasized action and interaction and was adopted by the European unions which still are strong symbols today of the equality working classes within the state. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Perdue/Slavery & the Cherokees

A 5 page research paper that examines how slavery evolved as a facet of Cherokee society. Principally, the writer concentrates on the work of Theda Perdue, who argues in her text Slavery and the Evolution of Cherokee Society that the adoption of European-style slavery of Africans evolved from the Cherokee reaction to the social change engendered by European colonization. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

The Histiographical Debate Concerning Native American Survivability as Related to Land Ethic Verses That of Europeans During Colonial Times in the Americas

A 15 page address of the question which has occupied historians for centuries, why were Native Americans not only able to survive but to thrive in a land where European colonists would at first flounder and many times perish? The author of this paper explores various sides of the debate to conclude that the speculations as to why this was the case vary dramatically and, although there is no singular answer, the distinction in the way that Native Americans and Europeans related with the land appears to be important. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

The History of Women’s Suffrage in the United States

This is a 3 page paper discussing the history of the women’s suffrage movement in the United States. The women’s suffrage movement within the United States began in earnest in 1848. Reflecting the sentiments of women around the world, organizers of a national convention that year began the process to fight for the right to vote (suffrage) and enfranchisement (the end of slavery) for women. The suffrage movement had two organizations, the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) headed by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the American Women Suffrage Association (AWSA) organized by Lucy Stone and others. The two organizations merged in 1890 which was also the year which also saw women’s rights to vote gradually being accepted across many of the Western states. After a long struggle and witnessing the enfranchisement of women occurring in many other countries, the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution giving women the right to vote was finally passed in 1920. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Cuban Women: Emancipation From A Patriarchal Society

10 pages in length. Women in a repressive, male chauvinistic society -- such as in Cuba -- must do what they have to in order to survive. Unfortunately their actions, such as prostitution, serve to reinforce the very image they seek to abandon. A high percentage of Cuban women are educated but hesitate to pursue a career in their respective fields because it does not pay off. Indeed, Communism offers very little incentive for women to work their way up in a patriarchal society. As a direct result, they are driven to do what ever is deemed necessary to live day to day. The writer discusses that Cuban women have chosen to prostitute or sell themselves not because they have low self-esteem, are unintelligent or incapable of getting by as a woman, but because the system has failed them; it provides no motivation or incentive to work. Bibliography lists 7 sources.