Women and Retirement

An 8 page paper which discusses how women spend their retirement in the United States. Issues discussed involve women working for more years than men, living longer than men, and how women look at retirement, among other various issues relating to the leisure years of women in America. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Ballet and Its Choreographers

Ballet is one of those arts that have a life of their own when the right combination of people come together. The grace and beauty sets the stage for the physical components, backed by musical scores that either define or merely accompany the dance. George Balanchine is noted for saying, ``Ballet is Woman''. That women play a central role in the presentation of the ballet is an understatement. To say that women have the power in ballet is an understatement that borders on a lie. For the most part, women in ballet, outside the ballerina and the occasssional choreographer and, or, director, have not been in positions of power. This 8 page paper profiles four choreographers: George Balanchine, Frederick Ashton, William Forsythe and Kenneth MacMillan. The way women are depicted in their work and the personal attitudes concerning women of the four male choreographers is examined and compared with the attitude toward women in the arts in general. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

Russia and Westernization

A 5 page research paper that discusses the radical changes that Peter the Great instigated in Russia in the eighteenth century. The writer describes how Peter's goal was to reshape Russia in the cultural image of Europe. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Elisabeth Badinter's "Fausse Route" - Differential Approach To Understanding The Gender War

10 pages in length. There is no secret that men and women are extraordinarily diverse creatures when compared from a multitude of angles; with perhaps the only aspect of similarity being their humanness, the male and female gender share little in the way of thoughts, emotions, physicality or virtually anything else. Feminists argue quite the opposite is true, claiming men and women are much more alike than people care to admit, however, women continue to be oppressed within patriarchal dominance. Elisabeth Badinter, author of Fausse Route, herself is a self-proclaimed feminist of a different sort, contends that women have no more been victimized by their male counterparts than have men sought to victimize them; instead, the author claims women themselves are to blame for the place they hold – and have long held – within society due to their inability to strike out and seize their autonomy. In short, Badinter credits – or blames – the elements of nature versus nurture in the differential sense to explain why the gender war continues to rage in the contemporary global society. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

TECHNOLOGY AND IMPACT ON WOMEN'S RIGHTS

This 4-page paper focuses on technology and women's rights, comparing the woman of the late 19th century, to the woman of today. The paper makes the argument that if it weren't for home economic technology (and that in the factories) that women's rights and suffrage never would have occured. Bibliography lists 1 source.

Cuban Women: Emancipation From A Patriarchal Society

10 pages in length. Women in a repressive, male chauvinistic society -- such as in Cuba -- must do what they have to in order to survive. Unfortunately their actions, such as prostitution, serve to reinforce the very image they seek to abandon. A high percentage of Cuban women are educated but hesitate to pursue a career in their respective fields because it does not pay off. Indeed, Communism offers very little incentive for women to work their way up in a patriarchal society. As a direct result, they are driven to do what ever is deemed necessary to live day to day. The writer discusses that Cuban women have chosen to prostitute or sell themselves not because they have low self-esteem, are unintelligent or incapable of getting by as a woman, but because the system has failed them; it provides no motivation or incentive to work. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Russian History

This 22- page paper is comprised of four shorter papers dealing with Russia. The first is a 17-page paper that traces the history of Russia from ancient rulers, through the Romanov dynasty, the Decembrist revolution, the revolution of 1905 and the Revolution of 1917. It discusses the Communist period, and the post-Communist period, and touches on economic problems today as well as ethnic conflicts. Bibliography lists 6 sources. The second paper, which is incorporated into the whole, is a 3-page essay describing some of Russia's cultural icons. Bibliography lists 1 source. The third paper, which is incorporated into the whole, is a 3-page essay describing Russian and Soviet geography. Bibliography lists 2 sources. The fourth paper, which is incorporated into the whole, is a 2-page essay describing Russian demographics. Bibliography lists 1 source.

The Cold War: Causes, Treaties, and Ongoing Tensions

This 6 page paper traces the root causes of the Cold War all the way back to the Russian Civil War and discusses how the tensions between the US and Russia magnified during the middle war years and World War II. Incidents such as the Cuban Missile Crisis almost resulted in full-out war. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

The History of Women’s Suffrage in the United States

This is a 3 page paper discussing the history of the women’s suffrage movement in the United States. The women’s suffrage movement within the United States began in earnest in 1848. Reflecting the sentiments of women around the world, organizers of a national convention that year began the process to fight for the right to vote (suffrage) and enfranchisement (the end of slavery) for women. The suffrage movement had two organizations, the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) headed by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the American Women Suffrage Association (AWSA) organized by Lucy Stone and others. The two organizations merged in 1890 which was also the year which also saw women’s rights to vote gradually being accepted across many of the Western states. After a long struggle and witnessing the enfranchisement of women occurring in many other countries, the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution giving women the right to vote was finally passed in 1920. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Women And Smoking

A 14 page paper. Cigarette advertising began in the early 1900s. It was about 1924 when women were targeted as a market. Tobacco companies first had to dispel society’s mindset against women smoking. Three themes have dominated public relations campaigns and marketing campaigns directed towards women. These are discussed as is the timeline of advertising to women. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

Women's Roles in the First World War

This 15 page paper looks at all the things women did to help during World War I. The emphasis is on American women, but women of other countries are discussed as well. Information about the Nurse Corps and the Army overseas operators is included. The changing role of the woman, as a result and as a parallel to the war, is discussed. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

History of Women's Rights in America

A 6 page paper discussing various women throughout American history that have influenced or fought for women's rights. A discussion of Stanton and Anthony is illustrathed, describing some of the issues that revolved around the women's convention of 1848. Stanton's daughther also fought for women's rights and is highlighthed within. The last woman to illustrathe the many gains achieved within the field of women's rights, is Eleanor Roosevelt, who through her position and strength was able to gain some significant measures, or at least recognition, for women. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Industrial Development In Russia / 1689 Through 1917

A 16 page paper discussing the industrial revolution in Russia throughout the rule of the Romanov dynasty. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Skocpol's States and Social Revolution

In 7 pages, the author reports on Theda Skocpol's States and Social Revolutions: A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia, and China, and discusses what she perceives to be the question Skocpol is trying to answer, Skocpol's main argument, the theory Skocpol draws, how this answer was reached, the methods used in research, flaws with the argument or theory, and critical comments are given. No additional source cited.

The Warsaw Pact: A Vehicle for Russian Imperialism?

A 5 page discussion of the role of the 1955 Warsaw Pact in Russia's past and present imperialistic tendencies. Cautions that while the Warsaw Pact was dissolved with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russian imperialism continues to present many concerns to world order. Bibliography lists 5 sources.