1676/ Stephen S. Webb

A 5 page research paper that examines the thesis proposed by historian Stephen S .Webb in his book '1676: The End of American Independence.' Webb suggests that the root cause of the discord during 1676 was the independent ways of the American colonists and that their submission to empire was its cure. The writer argues against this position, while discussing the details of Bacon's Rebellion and King Philip's War. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Lincoln's Role in Emancipation

This 5 page essay relates to the debate as to whether or not Lincoln deserves the designation of the Great Emancipator. The writer relates the position of Stephen B. Oates, who argues that he does and also that of Vincent Harding, who presents the opposing view. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Bali/Colonial & Post-Colonial History

An 8 page essay that draws heavily on J. Stephen Lansing's anthropological study of Bali entitled "The Balinese" and outlines the history of this island culture during its colonial and post-colonial eras. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Budiansky: The Bloody Shirt

This 3 page paper discusses Stephen Budiansky’s book The Bloody Shirt, about the violent terrorist attacks on blacks by white Southerners during the Reconstruction period. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

The Mystique of Turquoise

An 8 page paper discussing the enduring allure of turquoise. Were we to have a national stone in the US, certainly turquoise would surely be it. It has been used from times of prehistory for trading and as talismans for good health and good fortune; it has fueled the latest craze of all things Southwestern. Stephen Dweck, a modern-day designer, calls turquoise a modern amulet. The Navajo Indians are most noted for their artistry with turquoise, but many of the Native American tribes traded with it and held it dear long before the first white man invaded their lands. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858

This 8 page report discusses the seven debates that took place between Senator Stephen A. Douglas and Abraham Lincoln during the 1858 Illinois state election campaign as among the most meaningful and definitive statements for that period of the political history of the United States. Douglas, a member of Congress since 1843 and a nationally prominent spokesman for the Democratic party, was seeking reelection to a third term in the U.S. Senate, and Lincoln was running for Douglas’s Senate seat as a Republican. It was the content and the processes associated with the debates that first brought Abraham Lincoln to the attention of the general public. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Abraham Lincoln: Overcoming Political and Social Obstacles in Order to Preserve the Union and Eliminate Slavery

This is a 4 page paper discussing the political and social obstacles Lincoln had to overcome to achieve his goals. After President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated on April 16, 1865, writer Stephen Oates in his book “Abraham Lincoln: The Man Behind the Myths” (1984) said that Lincoln became symbolic to “ministers across the North [who] portrayed the slain President as an American Christ who died to expiate the sins of his guilty land”. While this statement reflects the enormity of the legend for freedom and unity Lincoln would become, his political career was one of controversy as his personal goals to preserve the Union and eliminate slavery were not necessarily popular notions in his day. In fact, many accused him of working against the U.S. Constitution in many of his statements and policies. In addition to the political obstacles he had to overcome, writings from the time also indicate that socially many still regarded him as a third-class citizen within a first-class position; adding to the controversy of his decisions and his ultimate dedication to the preservation of the Union throughout the Civil War and his issuing of the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 declaring all slaves were free forever. Despite these obstacles, Lincoln managed to persuade the northern Republicans and Democrats to back his desires for the elimination of slavery in the south while using the tide of controversy from the publication of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” and his public speech at the military cemetery at Gettysburg had a great impact on the national notions and approach to freedom and civil equality. Bibliography lists 3 sources.