In 12 pages the author discusses democracy and the theory that democratic governments are inherently disposed against war. "The greatest impetus for world peace is the spread of democracy democracies are more peaceful than any other kind of government, and the world is growing more democratic democracies are not only slow to anger but also quick to compromise and to forgive." (Joshua Muravchik, Managing Global Chaos, page 573) Bibliography lists 9 sources.

The Scientific Revolution

During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, in Europe, people began to see and understand the world in an entirely new way. The Scientific Revolution brought about the transformation of thought concerning the nature of the world and man's place within that world. This 11 page paper examines the roots of the scientific revolution and profiles four influential men: Galileo, Copernicus, Newton and Descartes. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

The Struggle for Identity in Both Leslie Silko’s “Ceremony” andLouise Erdrich’s “Love Medicine”

This 7 page report discusses the struggle for identity among modern Native American characters in two separate novels. For a people who never questioned who they were or their role in the natural order of life and their place in the world, such an effort becomes one in which cultures clash and the primary characters are forced to determine who they are in the context of their traditional world and the dominant culture of modern America. Louise Erdrich’s “Love Medicine” portrays the results of cultural devastation as well as personal injury and pain, it also shows a way back to health and contentment. Leslie Marmon Silko’s “Ceremony” offers a view that a person must deal with the fact that his body seems to be little more than nothing in the larger, pre-existing, and ceremonial patterns of his people. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Democracy in an Industrial Society?

Democracy has existed as a form of governing organization in most societies, in one form or another, from the time that government has been necessary. The recent past has been defined by the evolution of industrialism. Democratic governance and capitalism have played a significant role in the development of the West. Eastern and Third World nations have traversed different paths; however, as the millennium nears, they too are joining the newest revolution and experiencing extreme changes. This 7 page paper argues that Democracy was a pertinent and appropriate choice for the pre-Industrial Revolution agrarian society. In order to be transferable to an urban society, however, it must evolve, just as society evolves. Democracy during the transition to industrial was pertinent but has lost viability and, will not be successful or useful in the new industrialization process of technology and globalization. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Modern City Planning: 19th Century

7 pages in length. The nineteenth century city was ripe for change. Not only was there a dire need to improve upon communication networks, building types and architectural styles, but there was also a growing presence that required new definitions of "publicness" and the establishment of new power structures. Clearly, these changes were not restricted to one community, state or country in particular, but rather this modernistic approach to city development was being felt all over the world. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

The Warsaw Pact: A Vehicle for Russian Imperialism?

A 5 page discussion of the role of the 1955 Warsaw Pact in Russia's past and present imperialistic tendencies. Cautions that while the Warsaw Pact was dissolved with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russian imperialism continues to present many concerns to world order. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Strategies of the Axis Powers in World War II

An eight page paper which considers the ways in which the Axis powers might have employed alternative strategies and tactics during the Second World War in order to produce an outcome more favourable to them. The writer looks specifically at Russia’s engagement with Germany on the Eastern Front, the Battle of Midway, the Normandy Landings and the role of Mussolini in Italy’s military involvement. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Has Geoeconomics Replaced Geostrategy?

This 5 page paper contends that geoeconomics has replaced geostrategy, at least ideologically. The cold war is seen as a precursor to the modern world order where indeed geoeconomics is at the forefront. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Reasons That I Serve My Country in the US Army

This 3 page paper emphasizes the privilege of being American, America’s role in maintaining world stability, and how our military exists not just to preserve America as it is but to make the world a better place. Bibliography lists 1 source.

Early European/Native American Interactions: From Columbus to Cortez, and Aztec Impressions

A 4 page overview of the early interactions between Europeans and Native Americans. The author identifies the overriding goal of Spanish colonization as greed and relates the fact that that goal determined the manner the Spanish regarded and treated the indigenous inhabitants of the so-called "New World" as well as the way these people regarded the Spanish. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

History of Early Photography

(5 pp). In the early nineteenth century, the new "invention" photography seemed as though it could "capture" the whole world, some labeled it, the "mirror with a memory."This discussion will examine some of those early photographers and their experiments. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Twain, Davis & James/19th Century Writers

A 7 page essay that contrasts and compares the writing styles of three brilliant American nineteenth century writers. The writer argues that examination of representative works from these authors demonstrates that Twain's intention is primarily humorous, as typified by his short story "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County," while Davis' goal in "Life in the Iron-Mills" is to instigate social reform, and James' Daisy Miller is more concerned with simply contrasting the aspiring culture of a young nation in the New World to the moribund standards of the Old. No additional sources cited.

Nineteenth Century Europe -- The Industrial Revolution, Nationalism, “Concert of Europe” and Changes in Intellectualism

This 6 page report discusses several questions related to European development and international relationships in the 19th century. In the 19th century, the nations of Europe were confronted with a large number of “new” issues. In terms of politics and social issues but far more in terms of economics, everything was in the process of change. Political, economic, and technological events of great significance were shaping the thinking and development of the world. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

David Lowenthal's "The Heritage Crusade And The Spoils Of History"

5 pages in length. David Lowenthal's primary objective in "The Heritage Crusade and the Spoils of History" is to illustrate the inherent separation, as well as the inextricable cohesion, of heritage, history and contemporary society. The author strives to enlighten his readers to the inadequacies of conventional thought pertaining to heritage, noting that while heritage is, indeed, interwoven with history, it is also reinvented throughout modern-day society by way of new icons, such as Disney World and other pertinent symbols of the twentieth century. No additional sources cited.

The Cold War: A Comparison of the “The Hunt for Red October”, “Red Storm Rising”, and Historical Fact

A 5 page review of the Cold War years. The author of this paper emphasizes that the intent of the Cold War was to stabilize world politics and to maintain peace. In reality, it could be contended that the real outcome of this political approach was anything but a peaceful and secure world order. Indeed, the Cold War itself was a kind of warfare. Even in recognition of the fact that no actual warfare between the two main players, the Soviet Union and the United States erupted during the Cold War years, it was a period of intense hostility. This hostility is no better imprinted on the American psyche than through literature and movies. Two books in particular have added to our understanding of the Cold War. These books, both by author Tom Clancy, are “The Hunt for Red October” and “Red Storm Rising”. Each offers significant insight to the tensions which existed between the Soviet Union and the United States during the Cold War years. Bibliography lists 3 sources.