History: Dominant Discourse, The "Self" And Vision Of Community

11 pages in length. The writer discusses how those in supposedly "minority" positions could be said to have used "dominant" discourse for their own purposes; the virtues and the problems involved in the American tendency to make the single "self" somehow representative for everybody else; and Lincoln's vision of community. Included in the discussion are views from Thomas Jefferson, Frederick Douglass, Cabeza de Vaca, Cherokee Memorials and the Federalist Papers. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

The Penitentiary System in Nineteenth Century America

This 3 page paper highlights points from On the Penitentiary System in the United States and Its Application in France by Alexis de Tocqueville and Gustave de Beaumont. The fact that the U.S. was a model country at the time is noted as is the fact that authors examine the concept of isolation and its relevance. Finally, early criminology theory is examined. No additional sources cited.

Alexis and Herve Tocqueville / Contrasts and Comparisons

An 11 page paper exploring the writings of father and son Alexis de Tocqueville and Herve de Tocqueville regarding the French Revolution. Bibliography lists five sources.

The History of the Holy Grail

A 7 page paper discussing the sources from which the theme of the Holy Grail was gathered, and how the theme has changed over time. Sources discussed include the Mabinogion, Chrétien de Troyes, Robert de Boron, the Perlesvaus, the Queste del Saint Graal, and Thomas Malory. Bibliography lists six sources.


This paper examines the comments about black people in the United States written by French politician Alexis de Tocqueville in his book, Democracy in America. The paper also compares how the 19th century words of de Toqueville are still true today. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Risks, Benefits And Possible Necessity Of Democratic Action

8 pages in length. The writer discusses the various notions and applications of democracy as they have existed throughout history, including references to Alexis de Tocqueville, Henry David Thoreau, Walt Whitman, Abraham Lincoln, Lauren Berlant and Frederick Douglass. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Three Women of Color in the West

A 5 page paper examining the statement, “Scholars have suggested the West afforded greater educational and employment opportunities for women of color.” It can be argued that this is true, but only in relative terms. The West did – and does – offer more opportunities for women of color in many ways relative to those opportunities available in much of the Eastern Hemisphere. The reasons, however, likely have more to do with more developed economies in the West and more opportunity being available in general. The experiences of Era Bell Thompson, Fabiola Cabeza and the fictional Lalu Nathoy illustrate the point. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Feminism And Madame de Stael

5 pages in length. It is quite appropriate to speak of the connection between Madame de Stael and the notion of feminism in nineteenth-century French literature. Indeed, one of the most powerful books on feminist conjecture is that of Corinne, a story Madame de Stael wrote about an aristocratic heroine who is in constant clash with the society around her. This approach to female strength was not a course many writers braved during this time; rather, to put forth the struggles inherent to gender issues was a bold statement about the patriarchal influence of the period. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

The Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa / How it Helped to Shape California's History

In 11 pages, the author discusses the history of the mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa and how it helped to shape California's history. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

"The Princess of Cleves"

An eight-page paper looking at this seventeenth century novel by Marie de La Fayette. The paper shows how the events of this unabashedly "women's novel" nonetheless contain social criticism and a clear insight into French history in the sixteenth century. Bibliography lists seven sources.

The French Moralists -- Blaise Pascal and François de La Rochefoucauld

This 6 page report discusses François de La Rochefoucauld (1613-80) and Blaise Pascal (1623-62) who were both French, brilliant, and thoroughly involved in what has come to be thought of as the moralist tradition. Each was interested in the nature of human beings and human interaction. Each saw that social realities were of a far greater influence in the majority of people’s lives than any form of religion or faith. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Native American Survival as it Relates to Alexis de Tocqueville’s Dire Predictions

A 6 page discussion of Native American survival into contemporary times even in the face of great odds. Notes the perceptions of Alexis de Tocqueville on his trip to the U.S. in 1831 and asserts that even given the dire predictions Tocqueville made, the Native American has managed to not only survive but in many cases to prosper. Relates the economic success of the Mississippi Choctaw as testament to this assertion. Bibliography lists 6 sources. PPnaTocq.rtf

J.H. Rosny/The Death of the Earth

A 6 page analysis of the J.H. Rosny's (a pseudonym for Joseph Henri Boex) science fiction novel La Mort de la Terre (The Death of the Earth). This early twentieth century work has long been neglected in English-speaking countries when examining the evolution of the science fiction/fantasy genre. No additional sources cited.

Slaughter/Denial in 3 Accounts

A 5 page research paper that examines three accounts from early American history written by Bartolome de las Casas, Bernal Diaz del Castillo and Mary Rowlandson. The writer argues that each author sees slaughter, and experiences loss and death. However, what each one perceives is filtered through a cultural prism of that person's consciousness. Therefore, the perspectives that they offer are quite different. No additional sources cited.

A Distant Mirror by Barbara Tuchman

5 pages. In this historical narrative of Medieval Europe, the author writes of French nobleman Enguerrand de Coucy who ruthlessly made himself wealthy by preying on the unfortunate peasants of the time period. The 14th century was a time of great horrors such as the plague and the Hundred Years war, and the fact that the French nobleman was making himself wealthy and powerful because of other's misfortune is just one more nightmare to add to that time of strife. Bibliography lists 1 source.