Chilean And Nicaraguan Revolutions: Failure To Consolidate Power

5 pages in length. In spite of significant differences, the revolutions in Chile and Nicaragua share a fundamental common trait: both revolutions failed to consolidate themselves in power and were ultimately unsuccessful. For Nicaragua, this inability to centralize power came from an authoritarian perspective; for Chile, it was the quest for socialism that drew its motivation from oppressive power. In both instances, however, the aspect of democracy represented the focal point of revolution. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Trade Unions, etc.

An 8 page research paper that answers four questions pertaining to economic conditions in Europe in the nineteenth century. Topics explored are the relationship between union and socialism; difference between liberalism and conservatism; causes behind imperialism and causes and effects of population expansion. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

The Development of Democracy in Brazil

The development in democracy in Brazil has demonstrated a different pattern that seen in other parts of the world. This 5 page paper examines the development of democracy and includes consideration of the history as a Portuguese colony and the role of slavery as well as the military coups and the fears of instability. The paper traces the reasons behind the development and the impact they have on today’s model of democracy seen with the Brazilian people. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

Liberty from 1776 to 2000

This 11 page paper looks at the way in which Thomas Jefferson and Thomas Paine viewed the concept of liberty. Liberty as it exists today is looked at and the legacy of the two great men are incorporated in the overall analysis. The Declaration of Independence is quoted. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Herbert Aptheker/ Views on Marxism

A 5 page discussion of the opinions voiced by Herbert Aptheker in his 1967 book 'The Nature of Democracy, Freedom and Revolution.' The writer argues that by contrasting Marxist philosophy against 'bourgeois' democracy and revolution, Aptheker offers a perspective on history and political philosophy that is truly intriguing, if somewhat dated in his conclusions. No other sources cited.

Liberty and Equality in the Late 18th and Early 19th Century

This 5 page paper assesses the tensions between liberty and equality as outlined in Hunt's The French Revolution and Human Rights and Mill's On Liberty. This paper considers whether the concepts of liberty and equality are compatible or incompatible as reflected upon by Hunt and Mill. Bibliography lists 3 sources.


In 12 pages the author discusses democracy and the theory that democratic governments are inherently disposed against war. "The greatest impetus for world peace is the spread of democracy democracies are more peaceful than any other kind of government, and the world is growing more democratic democracies are not only slow to anger but also quick to compromise and to forgive." (Joshua Muravchik, Managing Global Chaos, page 573) Bibliography lists 9 sources.

The Meaning Of Freedom And Liberty

This five-page-paper presents a discussion on the meaning of freedom and liberty as depicted by Gordon Woods, " Radicalism of the American Revolution," and the federalist paper by James Madison. It opens with a description of each paper and the underlying meaning of the authors words when it cam e to the concept of freedom and liberty. It moves into detailed examples of those meanings and closed with a conclusion pulling it all together. Bibliography lists three sources.

Thucydides and the Peloponnesian War

A 5 page summarization of major themes in Thucydides accounts of the Peloponnesian War. This paper presents the historical perspective prior to the onset of the war. It also contains consideration of the major thematic considerations of the era, including focus on democracy, morality, ambition, leadership and wealthy. The primary source is cited.

"Sorrow Of War," "Perfume Dreams" And "In Country" - Review

12 pages in length. Ninh's The Sorrow of War, Lam's Perfume Dreams and Mason's In Country are drawn together by the single thread of war, yet their unique perspectives take readers on three distinct journeys that cultivate entirely distinctive impressions. For a war whose perspective is typically that of a national component, the extent to which each of these three stories provides an unadulterated view of how the war impact one individual at a time serve to humanize the experience quite a bit more. No additional sources cited.

Chile's Readiness for World Trade

A 7 page research paper on Chile's society, economy and recent governmental history, in which they moved from parliamentary government, to socialism, to military control, to democracy, and all within a period of less than 20 years. Other countries would have dissolved into civil war with such extreme swings in policies, but Chile's response has been to show an annual economic growth of 7% in each of the last 10 years, following market adjustments after the military government reversed many of socialist Allende's programs Though Chile is in line to join the NAFTA accords, Washington politics is preventing the active participation. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

A 6 page paper discussing the validity of various civili liberty and civil rights concerns. This paper essentially asks What should be the role of civil liberties and civil rights in a democratic society? What are they designed to achieve; what are their appropriate limits; and where should we go from here? Also addressed is whether the civil liberties and civil rights are involved in all they should be, and whether their involvement, up to this point, is valid and adequate to the needs of the people. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

The Ideas of Thomas Jefferson

This 15 page paper provides an overview of the life of this great defender of democracy and president of the United States. Ideas about democracy and separation of church and state are highlighted. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

The Athenian Government

4 page review of A.H.M. Jones' book entitled "Athenian Democracy." Book explores classic governments in Athens and makes mention of their historical relevancy to our own style of democracy in these contemporary United States.

Democracy in an Industrial Society?

Democracy has existed as a form of governing organization in most societies, in one form or another, from the time that government has been necessary. The recent past has been defined by the evolution of industrialism. Democratic governance and capitalism have played a significant role in the development of the West. Eastern and Third World nations have traversed different paths; however, as the millennium nears, they too are joining the newest revolution and experiencing extreme changes. This 7 page paper argues that Democracy was a pertinent and appropriate choice for the pre-Industrial Revolution agrarian society. In order to be transferable to an urban society, however, it must evolve, just as society evolves. Democracy during the transition to industrial was pertinent but has lost viability and, will not be successful or useful in the new industrialization process of technology and globalization. Bibliography lists 5 sources.